Bet sizing concept.

One of the fundamental concepts of playing poker, both on the preflop and the postflop. Studying of the principles of this concept allows to realize the bet sizing necessary to apply on each street and the factors, which influence the decrease or increase in bet sizing. Misunderstanding or ignoring of the principles of bet sizing leads to a significant decrease in winrate and the player’s overall winnings. As practice shows, the majority of players at NL5 up to NL200 are unaware or do not have a thorough idea of the principles of this concept.

This task requires status or higher
Article is not read yet
Reasons for bets. Value bets.

Understanding the reasons for bets is the fundamental principle of flawless poker playing. The most expensive mistakes originate from ignorance or improper application of the reasons for bets. Once you analyze the materials that concern this issue, they will become a basis for your profitable poker play, and will help you to distinguish between the cases where you have to make a bet or raise, where you don’t need to, and why. This articles views betting for value, the types of value bets, and the proper ways of their application against various types of opponents.

This task requires Novice status or higher
It's necessary to complete Bet sizing concept., to begin this task
Reasons for bets. Pure bluff bets.

Bluff bets are an inseparable part of playing poker. The ability to make bluff bets in suitable spots increases the player’s winrate. It happens so not only because you win the pots with a worse hand without showdown, but also because after your bluff bets the opponents are more willing to pay off your value bets while suspecting that you are making another bluff bet. This article deals with the basic principles of pure bluff bets, correct frequency of bluff bets, and also prepares you for your understanding of more complicated topics, such as semi-bluff bets, hand equity, and other advanced concepts.

This task requires Novice status or higher
It's necessary to complete Reasons for bets. Value bets., to begin this task
Reasons for bets. Semi-bluff bets.

Studying of the topic of semi-bluff bets allows you to get a better idea of the term ‘hand equity’ and the spots where you should play with your ‘equity’ aggressively, making bets or raises. A detailed analysis of this topic will let you learn how to play both your unmade drawing hands and your weak made hands (second, third pairs, etc.) correctly in various situations. This topic also reveals the term of ‘two-faced’ bets, when you have two reasons for making a bet at the same time.

This task requires Journeyman status or higher
It's necessary to complete Reasons for bets. Pure bluff bets., to begin this task
The concept of big folds. Reason №1.

This concept reveals the reasons why some poker players cannot fold with strong hands in big pots, while they are obviously behind their opponent’s better hand. The first such reason is the low level of playing skills. This article explains the connection between the low level of playing skills with the low frequency of big folds, and contains practical advice how a player should improve his poker skills and the frequency of good big folds.

This task requires Journeyman status or higher
It's necessary to complete Reasons for bets. Semi-bluff bets., to begin this task
Summary of Section 1 and non-game aspects that influence winrate.

In this chapter, we will speak about some important trivial things that some players often overlook and thus decrease their winrate, while increasing the amount of their playing poker in non-optimal condition.

This task requires Journeyman status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of big folds. Reason №1., to begin this task
Homework 1

Completion of this homework will let you consolidate the material of Section 1 and improve your poker skills.

This task requires Journeyman status or higher
It's necessary to complete Summary of Section 1 and non-game aspects that influence winrate., to begin this task
Achievement Test №1
Achievement test on the basis of the materials from Section 1. Available after the reading of all the articles of the section and completion of Homework 1. In case the test is not passed, another attempt to pass it will become available in 2 days after the previous attempt.
This task requires Journeyman status or higher
It's necessary to complete Homework 1, to begin this task
The concept of big folds. Reason №2.

Further revelation of the topic of big folds and description of the second reason why players do not fold with strong hands. That is the absence of the plan how to play a hand. This article will teach you how to give preliminary evaluation of statistics in order to make a plan to play a hand, as well as how to make ‘situational’ pop-ups for faster and better decision making. 

This task requires Student status or higher
It's necessary to complete Achievement Test №1, to begin this task
The concept of big folds. Reason №3.

The article views the last of the three main reasons, which decreases the frequency of players’ big folds. This material will let you realize how playing in non-optimal condition influences making bad calls. It will also give some practical advice, which will let you decrease the amount of hours spent on playing in non-optimal condition.

This task requires Student status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of big folds. Reason №2., to begin this task
The concept of domination.

In this article, we will analyze the most common mistakes that concern the concept of domination while playing against fish players.

This task requires Student status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of big folds. Reason №3., to begin this task
Factors that influence the range of open-raise and isolation, and the charts based on them.

In this article, we will analyze optimal ranges of open-raises and isolation raises from different positions. We will also study the factors that will influence the changes of these ranges to their narrowing or widening.

This task requires Student status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of domination., to begin this task
Interpretation of postflop statistics. Gradations of most important stats.

In this article, we will study the most important statistics, which you will use during your decision making on the postflop. We will analyze the meanings of different stats and also recollect the reasons for bets and their connection with postflop stats.

This task requires Student status or higher
It's necessary to complete Factors that influence the range of open-raise and isolation, and the charts based on them., to begin this task
Homework 2

Make situational pop-ups for yourself according to the information given in the article ‘The concept of big folds. Reason №2’. Do not forget to post a screenshot of your pop-ups in the dedicated forum thread to prove that you have finalized your work on your pop-ups.

This task requires Student status or higher
It's necessary to complete Interpretation of postflop statistics. Gradations of most important stats., to begin this task
Achievement Test №2
Achievement test on the basis of the materials from Section 2. Available after the reading of all the articles of the section and completion of Homework 2. In case the test is not passed, another attempt to pass it will become available in 2 days after the previous attempt.
This task requires Student status or higher
It's necessary to complete Homework 2, to begin this task
Creation of call-open ranges regarding different advantages over your opponent.

In this article, we will analyze callopen ranges in and out of position. We will also study various advantages over our opponent, which influence the callopen range in various spots.

This task requires Warden status or higher
It's necessary to complete Achievement Test №2, to begin this task
How to outplay your opponents out of position, without initiative, and not hitting the board.

After studying this article, you will feel much more comfortable while playing out of position and without initiative, and learn how to outplay various types of opponents even if you do not hit the board.

This task requires Warden status or higher
It's necessary to complete Creation of call-open ranges regarding different advantages over your opponent., to begin this task
Making use of squeezes on the preflop.

In this article, we will view 3bet-squeezes in those spots when we have no hand for a direct value 3bet-squeeze, i.e. when our hand is beyond the top range - JJ+, AK (in 100nn stacks), that is when our hand is of a medium value range and we cannot play with it for our entire stack right from the preflop, if we face a 4bet. This article will show detailed analysis of various pairs of opponents, who make an open-raise and a cold call on the preflop, our squeeze ranges against these pairs and the further plan for playing our hand in case we get a call after our squeeze from one or several opponents. 

This task requires Warden status or higher
It's necessary to complete How to outplay your opponents out of position, without initiative, and not hitting the board., to begin this task
Homework 3

Completion of this homework will let you consolidate the material of Section 3 and improve your poker skills.

This task requires Warden status or higher
It's necessary to complete Making use of squeezes on the preflop., to begin this task
Achievement Test №3
Achievement test on the basis of the materials from Section 3. Available after the reading of all the articles of the section and completion of Homework 3. In case the test is not passed, another attempt to pass it will become available in 2 days after the previous attempt.
This task requires Warden status or higher
It's necessary to complete Homework 3, to begin this task
The concept of finished and unfinished lines.

This concept will help you to understand on how many streets you should make bluff bets or bluff-catch against various opponents. When you should go through with your bluff, and when limit yourself to small or moderate bluffs. When you should clench your teeth and call pushes on dangerous rivers, and when to fold right on the turn.

This task requires Expert status or higher
It's necessary to complete Achievement Test №3, to begin this task
The concept of evaluating value check and bet.

The study of this article will let you find the spots, where we can start playing by making a check, even despite the fact that we have a reason for a bet. The principles of this concept for the majority of micro- and small stakes players (up to and including NL50) should be used exclusively when playing on the flop out of position and without initiative.

This task requires Expert status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of finished and unfinished lines., to begin this task
Adjusting to loose 3bets. Playing in 3bet pots without hitting the board, with and without initiative.

This article narrates about how to play your hand, if you don’t hit the board in 3bet pots against various types of opponents, both while being a 3-bettor and a player who faced a 3bet.

This task requires Expert status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of evaluating value check and bet., to begin this task
Homework 4

Completion of this homework will let you consolidate the material of Section 4 and improve your poker skills.

This task requires Expert status or higher
It's necessary to complete Adjusting to loose 3bets. Playing in 3bet pots without hitting the board, with and without initiative., to begin this task
Achievement Test №4
Achievement test on the basis of the materials from Section 4. Available after the reading of all the articles of the section and completion of Homework 4. In case the test is not passed, another attempt to pass it will become available in 2 days after the previous attempt.
This task requires Expert status or higher
It's necessary to complete Homework 4, to begin this task
The concept of playing on the blinds. Basics. The defense of SB.

General rule of the concept – every hand, which we fold on the preflop from SB and BB, incur the loss of -50bb/100 and -100bb/100, respectively, in the long run. If we are capable of showing a smaller looserate with a certain hand, once we complete, call or 3bet with it instead of folding it on the preflop, then we must play this hand. If a certain hand or group of hands incurs greater looserate than -50bb/100 (SB) and -100bb/100 (BB), then we must fold them on the preflop.

This task requires Master status or higher
It's necessary to complete Achievement Test №4, to begin this task
The concept of playing on the blinds. The defense of BB.

General rule of the concept – every hand, which we fold on the preflop from BB, incur the loss of -100bb/100 in the long run. If we are capable of showing a smaller looserate with a certain hand in the long run, while isolate-raising, calling or 3betting with it instead of folding it on the preflop, then we must play this hand. If a certain hand or group of hands incurs greater looserate than -100bb/100, then we must fold them on the preflop.

This task requires Master status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of playing on the blinds. Basics. The defense of SB., to begin this task
Transition to the mixed range of 3bet and calls of 4bets.

General rule of the concept you should make a transition to the mixed range of 3bet, when your opponent has a non-exploited fold to 3bet (about 50%) and can exploit the deviations of your polarized 3bet range on the postflop, and has low folds to cbet (40% or lower), also using various semi-bluff adjustments, such as floats, delayed floats and raises of cbets.

This task requires Master status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of playing on the blinds. The defense of BB., to begin this task
Homework 5

You will have one home task to fulfill before you proceed to the next section of the Strategy.

This task requires Master status or higher
It's necessary to complete Transition to the mixed range of 3bet and calls of 4bets., to begin this task
The concept of playing with a protected range.

General rule of the concept – in order to defend the weak hands of your check/calling range or calling range on the late streets of the postflop, you need to deliberately refuse to make raises on the early streets (flop-turn) in those cases, when you have a reason for a bet (raise), both as a semi-bluff with draw hands, or for direct/thin value with strong types of hands.

This task requires Master status or higher
It's necessary to complete Homework 5, to begin this task
The reasons for bets. Bulgakov's bets.

General rule of the concept – if we have found at least 1 reason for a bet, we definitely make it. If we have found no reasons for a bet, we don’t make it.

This task requires Master status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of playing with a protected range., to begin this task
The concept of 'Exploitation'. The increase in frequency of bets and folds.

General rule of the concept – we must use adjustments that exploit your opponents’ weak spots, when it yields significantly greater profit or less considerable losses in the long run, than our usual play with an average frequency of certain actions, created around our range, not around our opponent’s range.

This task requires Master status or higher
It's necessary to complete The reasons for bets. Bulgakov's bets., to begin this task
Homework 6

You will have one home task to fulfill before you may proceed to the next section.

This task requires Master status or higher
It's necessary to complete The concept of 'Exploitation'. The increase in frequency of bets and folds., to begin this task